The BC and Saskatchewan governments have announced that their borders will open for direct to consumer liquor shipments (see: Dill Pickle Vodka for All, BC and SK open liquor borders). BC\’s borders were previously open for wine only. Saskatchewan\’s were closed for all liquor products. Wine DTC shipments between the provinces will be allowed by the end of this year with other liquor being added in 2015. In addition, as reported yesterday, Premier Wynne of Ontario has also indicated that she would like to implement a similar deal in the near future. This is obviously great news for BC wineries as progress is finally being made on the efforts to reduce interprovincial barriers for the wine business. Nevertheless, it remains unclear how these developments will affect FedEx\’s decision earlier this week to halt interprovincial wine shipments.
FedEx notified BC wineries earlier this week that it has stopped accepting interprovincial direct to consumer shipments of wine other than to destinations within BC or Manitoba. It is unclear whether this development is related to earlier reports of FedEx being charged in Newfoundland for shipping wine into that province (see: FedEx Charged in Nfld for Shipping Wine). In addition, media reports today have indicated that a deal may be close that would allow the interprovincial shipment of wine between Ontario and British Columbia: see Wynne, Clark Announce Ontario BC Wine Deal is Near. More details will be posted as they become available.
A wide ranging report from Ontario\’s CD Howe Institute is calling for an end to Ontario\’s monopoly based liquor distribution system. The report indicates that Ontario\’s current system does not serve consumer interests and actually prevents the provincial government from maximizing its liquor revenues. The link to the report is here (PDF): Uncorking a Strange Brew. The report has also garnered substantial media attention including these articles: Liquor monopoly keeping revenue from Ontario and Time to end retail alcohol monopolies. The provincial liquor monopolies are also preventing the free trade of wine and other alcohol between provinces by creating barriers to inter-provincial trade.
Some recent media reports have speculated, based on leaked text, that the trade agreement between Canada and the EU (the Comprehensive Economic & Trade Agreement, more commonly referred to as CETA) may affect or restrict the BC wine industry (see: Canada\’s Wine Industry May Face Restrictions). It is not possible to comment with certainty until such time as the official text of the agreement is made public. However, based on my reading of the leaked text, it is unlikely that CETA will have any significant effect upon the BC wine industry. The media reports focused on the fact that CETA may limit the number of private outlets that sell wine. In respect of BC, the supposed limit is set at 60 of such stores. However, this restriction only applies to stores that sell exclusively Canadian wine (in BC, these are the VQA stores and a smaller number of tourist wine stores). The limit does not apply to the vast majority of BC\’s private liquor stores which sell a range of products from various countries. The limit of 60 is, in fact, considerably greater than the number of such stores that are currently operating (which is about 20). As such, CETA preserves the existing exclusive distribution channels for domestic wine in these private retail stores and it also preserves the ability of wineries to sell from their own tasting rooms (direct delivery). As a result, there appear to be very few effects on the BC wine industry. CETA may, in fact, provide benefits to BC wineries that use European products in their manufacturing processes as any Canadian tariffs on those products will be removed. Some media outlets correctly reported that there will likely be little effect: see Leaked Document of Canada EU Trade Deal. And see this previous article on the trade agreement.